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Venous Ulcers from Varicose Veins: How can a vascular specialist help?

leg ulcer

Causes of Venous Ulcers

Venous ulcer, also called varicose ulcer or a venous stasis ulcer is a wound on the leg that occurs when the damaged leg vein fails to efficiently circulate blood back to the heart. As blood starts to pool near the veins, the increase in pressure and buildup of fluid prevents nutrients and oxygen from getting to tissues. Due to the lack of nutrients, cells may start to die, tissues get damaged, and a sore can develop.

Signs of a venous ulcer

Once sores develop, you can suspect venous ulcers if you notice these signs on your skin.

  • Shallow sores

As blood starts to pool in the lower leg, fluid and blood cells start to leak into the skin and tissues. Sores start to form, usually covered with tissue that appears yellow. With little signs of healing, sores may get worse despite your efforts to treat them.

  • Skin discoloration

Around the sore, skin appears in shades of red, purple, or brown suggestive of blood pooling in the area. Thick, itchy, and dry patches appear on the skin.

  • Unevenly shaped borders

Venous ulcers manifest the shape of the pooled blood that comes in contact with the bottom of your skin, leading to unevenly shaped borders.

  • Leg pain

Itching and tingling sensation may slowly turn to painful ulcers at the site and around.

  • Signs of infection

Bad odor or pus draining from the wound is a sign of infection.

How to treat an unhealing ulcer

Getting your venous ulcers treated by a vascular specialist is the first step that ensures a quick healing. Almost 80% of the leg ulcers are due to vascular insufficiency. Only a vein specialist can effectively diagnose and address the root cause of various vein associated problems thereby aiding in faster healing and prevention of recurring ulcers. Underlying causes could include a history of DVT, varicose veins, obesity, or immobility.

Treatment of venous ulcers will focus on relieving the pressure developed in the leg veins. Your doctor may recommend procedures that will improve the blood flow through your veins and help in fast healing of ulcers.

You may be instructed to wear compression bandages or stockings every day. It may help to improve the blood circulation, reduce the blood pooling, and associated swelling and pain. You will be required to always keep the wound clean and bandaged which will minimize the chances of infection. You will be informed by your healthcare provider on how often to change the dressing. Antibiotics may be prescribed if ulcer is infected.

If ulcers do not heal, your Vein doctor may recommend minimally invasive treatment options which can improve the blood flow through your veins.

Few of the latest available treatment options at Avis vascular Center include Sclerotherapy, Laser or Radiofrequency Ablation and medical glue therapy. These methods focus on removing the damaged veins which will divert the blood flow to the healthier veins. These noninvasive methods reduce pain and improve the appearance of the leg without normally causing any scarring, bruising, or swelling.

For more details on these procedures, call Avis Vascular Center and talk to our experts.

Venous Ulcer Treatment Hyderabad | Vijayawada | Visakhapatnam

For Appointments Call : 9989527715