Venous Leg Ulcer: FAQs and Their Answers

leg ulcer

If you have a sore on your leg that’s taking a long to time to heal, it may be a venous leg ulcer. As one of the leading vascular centre, we have curated FAQs on leg ulcer and their answers that you will find helpful: 

  • What causes venous leg ulcer? The veins in the leg are supposed to pump blood back to the heart. However, when the veins are not their job efficiently, there is increased pressure at the end of the limb, causing the valves to bulge. This causes wounds and sores that do not heal easily. Apart from poor blood circulation, medical conditions like diabetes, kidney failure, hypertension and lymphedema may increase the risk of leg ulcers. 
  • How long does it take for venous leg ulcer? This depends from one person to another. They can last anywhere from a few weeks to years. With the right treatment, venous leg ulcers heal within 4 to 5 months. 
  • What are the symptoms of venous leg ulcer? A venous ulcer looks like a sore or wound. The area around it feels itchy or burns. The skin around it may be swollen and dry. The skin around the area may discolour or look red or brownish. Sometimes, there will be foul-smelling pus coming from the sore. It may be accompanied by pain and fever. 
  • How are venous leg ulcers diagnosed? If you have a sore that isn’t healing or you think is infected, you should see your vascular expert. A physical examination is done first. Venous leg ulcers usually have well-defined borders and are often located over bony areas. The doctor will ask you if you have a history of ongoing medical conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension. In some cases, the vascular expert will order tests, such as an X-ray or a CT scan, to check out the health status of the veins and the area around the ulcer. 
  • Who are at the risk of developing venous leg ulcers? Though anyone can develop venomous leg ulcers, one may have higher chances of developing one if they either have had varicose veins or they smoke or they are overweight or have conditions that can hinder proper blood circulation. 
  • How to prevent venous leg ulcers? Wearing compression stockings, losing weight those who are overweight, exercising regularly and elevating the leg when possible are some of the measures that can be helpful. Those who smoke should quit smoking. Those who had a leg ulcer previously should definitely follow these measures. 
  • How venous leg ulcers are treated? The treatment of a leg ulcer depends on the gravity of the wound. The most common treatment is a compression stocking. The pressure should improve blood circulation in the leg. In some cases, laser surgery may be recommended to improve blood flow. Laser surgery is a no-cut, no-scar, and no-stitch procedure that blocks the damaged veins without affecting the healthy veins. 

If you are looking for venous leg ulcer treatment , visit Avis Vascular Centre. We specialise in treating venous leg ulcers. We have highly experienced vascular surgeons who carry out endovenous laser ablation, a painless and minimally-invasive surgery done for varicose veins. All our procedures are US FDA approved.