It is perfectly normal to have visible veins on your legs and arms. However, when your veins appear swollen and have a bluish or red color and are painful, you should see a vascular specialist to get varicose veins diagnosis done.
As a leading varicose vein center, we have curated a few useful insights that you should be aware of:
- What are varicose veins?. There are two main systems of veins in the legs — the deep veins and the superficial veins. These veins contain valves, which should only allow the blood to flow upwards and from the superficial to deep system. When the veins are damaged, the valves no longer work properly. This causes the veins to bulge and become more prominent.
- What causes them? Varicose veins are caused by weak vein walls and valves. Though it is not exactly known why veins stretch, some people are at more risk than others to develop the condition. Pregnancy, family history of varicose veins, being overweight and standing for a long time are some of the risk factors.
- Symptoms you should not ignore: It is not necessary that varicose veins will always cause pain. Hence, you must be careful when you notice any color change. If your veins appear dark purple or blue and they appear bulging, visit a vascular center. People with varicose veins may experience pain in their legs. Muscle cramps in the lower legs and itching around the veins are some other symptoms.
- Diagnosis: To get varicose veins diagnosed, you need to see a vascular expert. Varicose veins are diagnosed by their appearance. The vascular specialist will examine your legs while you’re standing to check for signs of swelling. You may be asked to describe the pain that you are experiencing. The specialist may ask you to undergo a duplex ultrasound scan. The scan will help the vascular specialist see how blood moves through the arteries and veins.
- Lifestyle changes that may help: If you’re struggling with varicose veins, there are a number of simple lifestyle changes that can help you manage pain in a better way. Eating a high-fibre diet and exercising regularly are vital to managing varicose veins. They can help in maintaining a healthy weight which can go a long way in preventing vein-related problems. Those who are overweight are more likely to develop varicose veins than those who are not. If you have a desk job, take frequent breaks and stretch your legs.
- Treatment options available: If you suffer from varicose veins, the vascular specialist may ask you to wear compression stockings. These special stockings are designed to improve circulation and prevent blood from pooling. In some cases, the vascular specialist may suggest laser therapy. This is done to close the damaged veins. The laser targets only the damaged veins and does n’t affect any of the healthy veins. The minimally invasive surgery is one of the best treatment options available for varicose veins.
At Avis Vascular Centre, we have completed 13000+ procedures with a 95% success rate. We are India’s leading hospital for complete care and cure of varicose veins. Reach out to us to learn about our services. To book an appointment, call us at 9989527715.