Varicose eczema is a skin disorder that can occur in patients with varicose veins. Varicose veins occur when the veins, mostly in the lower legs, malfunction and prevent proper blood circulation. As blood cannot fully flow back to the heart and other organs, it starts pooling in the leg veins. In the process, the pressure inside the veins increases and they begin to dilate. More blood and proteins seep through the veins into the surrounding skin. Skin tends to get inflamed and deprived of oxygen.
The skin inflammation turns chronic due to the continuous leakage of red blood cells and a cycle of scratching, hyperpigmentation and tearing of skin in the legs starts. Venous insufficiency may develop, which can lead to the condition called Stasis dermatitis or Varicose Eczema.
As your body reacts to increased inflammation, a chemical called histamine is released by your immune system to repair the body. Consequently, while your body tries to heal the varicose veins, the presence of histamine gives a sensation of itchiness.
Like all types of eczema, the affected skin becomes
- Scaly and flaked
- Swollen and itchy
- Tight and tender that may finally thicken
In addition to the skin changes, the following symptoms are noticed
- Leg cramps
- Aching heavy legs
- Visible varicose veins
Treatment for venous eczema
As the treatment for eczema focuses on managing the symptoms, it can extend over months or years. If the primary cause of eczema itching is diagnosed to be venous disease then treatment focus will be on your underlying varicose veins which can help you manage the eczema symptoms.
When varicose veins are treated, the damaged veins no longer contribute to that persistent rash on the skin.
Venous eczema treatment can be a combination of these:
- Topical corticosteroids – creams/ointments applied to the skin to quickly reduce the inflammation and help relieve the symptoms
- Moisturisers can be applied to the skin to reduce the dryness
- Measures to improve circulation can include an active lifestyle and frequently elevating your legs. Mild exercises can get your muscles working and help to push blood through the veins back to your heart
- Compression stockings- These are specially designed for daily use which squeeze your legs tightly at the ankle and foot and loosens further up and is proven to improve your circulation
- Try to avoid injuries on your skin as they can lead to ulcer formation. Leg ulcers are long-lasting sores and their symptoms may include pain, swelling and itching in the affected leg
- Complementary therapies such as food supplements or herbal remedies are also available to treat varicose eczema, but there is a lack of evidence to show they are effective in treating the condition.
For treating varicose eczema, doctors at Avis vascular centre follow a philosophy that includes treating the underlying source of your vein problems and those visible bulging and unsightly varicose or spider veins. Ask for our minimally invasive procedures which ensure long term relief from vein problems.
For Appointment Call: 9989527715, 8088837000, 7847045678