Types of Varicose Veins

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are those twisted, enlarged veins, usually seen on the thighs, feet, and ankles that occur mostly due to excessive pressure on the veins. The associated problems are not merely cosmetic and if left untreated, they have the potential to cause major health complications. Pain, swelling, skin discoloration, soreness, and ulcers are the most common symptoms of the condition.

Today, several treatment options exist for varicose veins which alleviate their symptoms and improve appearance. However, not all varicose veins are similar and different veins in the body present differently when they become varicose. This blog explains some common types of varicose veins.

Types of varicose veins in women. Stages of development of varicose veins, vector illustration.

Saphenous varicose veins

Superficial leg veins are those veins that are very close to the skin surface and they drain blood from the skin and underlying tissues. A major superficial vein is a saphenous vein that begins at the inside of the ankle and extends up to the groin. This vein is commonly problematic and linked to varicose veins. Veins appear rope-like and very large. Saphenous varicose veins can be colorless but become very prominent as they protrude out.

Spider veins

Spider veins are smaller in size and are normally visible anywhere on the body. Though they may not pose major health problems, they can take a toll on your self-esteem especially while you are out in warm and sunny weather. These red or blue veins are observed to be thinner measuring around 1 to 1.5 mm and are smaller than other varicose veins. Mostly cosmetic, these veins look like a cluster of reddish lines branching out and quite often they resemble spider webs. Simple lifestyle changes or wearing compression stockings are proven effective for treating the condition. However, if left untreated they may lead to various complications.

Reticular varicose veins

Reticular veins are generally about 3 mm in size, and they generally have a blue-green or purple color. These veins typically develop on the back of the leg, and around your knees or ankles. Reticular veins do not bulge above the surface of your skin and hence usually cannot be felt when you rub your fingers over the skin. But varicose veins protrude above the skin surface. They are prominent and can be felt.

Varicose veins generally do not lead to the development of spider veins. However, reticular veins are observed to worsen spider veins.

Hence, different types of veins have different appearances, symptoms, and progression patterns. It is important to learn about the types of varicose veins as it helps to understand the causes of the condition. With the right treatment, it can be ensured that more veins do not turn varicose in the future.

A qualified and experienced vein doctor understands the different vein conditions and can recommend the latest technologies and treatments available to treat them based on the severity and individual patient needs.

To know more about the various treatments and to discuss your vein-related problems, talk to our expert team of doctors at Avis Vascular Centre.

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