Excess strain and exertion can cause pain in your legs. Occasionally, leg pain can be due to problems with your circulatory system. This blog will aid to distinguish the pain which needs prompt medical attention.
As we grow older, blood vessels and associated problems become increasingly common. It is essential that these are addressed at the right time to prevent them from causing serious complications.
Here we will learn a few problems related to the Veins that can cause chronic leg pain and the reasons for those.
Varicose veins are those twisted, purple-colored veins, engorged on the legs. It develops when the one-way valves inside our veins that control blood flow in the direction of the heart are damaged. You may experience bouts of severe pain, cramping, or burning sensations in the legs.
If ignored the condition can lead to complications like spontaneous bleeding, DVT, venous ulcers, or venous eczema, a kind of skin infection. Is that pain in your leg caused by your Veins?
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
DVT is a blood clot in a deep vein, usually in the legs. Blood clots can partially or completely block the blood flow in a blood vessel and such clots can form in superficial veins or deep veins with the latter being more serious and requiring immediate medical attention.
How are clots formed
- Slow blood flow often due to limited movement associated with paralysis or medical conditions leading to bed confinement can be a reason for clotformation
- Blood vessels can get damaged due to surgery, muscle injury, or fractures which can cause a clot
- Cancer and related treatments, few other chronic illnesses can lead to clot formation
- Increased estrogen levels caused by pregnancy or blood control pills or inherited clotting disorders
In addition to leg pain, DVT is characterized by skin discoloration, leg cramps, and swelling.
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) or Peripheral Vascular Disease is a disorder that occurs in the arteries that carry blood to the legs and arms. Plaque deposits lead to narrow, stiff, and blocked arteries, a condition called atherosclerosis. Insufficient blood flow leads to malnourished organs and tissues and PAD is a progressive disease.
The predominant symptom of PAD is claudication, which is a type of muscle pain due to improper blood flow to the legs and its symptoms may include a burning sensation or numbness, weakness, or discoloration of legs.
Other symptoms may include cold or numb fingers which may also look pale. Sores appear on your arms and hands that do not seem to heal easily.
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI)
When the veins in our legs and the valves in them stop functioning properly, blood finds it difficult to fight gravity and move back up to reach the heart. If this happens, blood starts flowing backward and may start to pool around the veins, in your legs. This is a condition termed chronic venous insufficiency.
This condition is characterized by itchy, and painful legs. It may lead to leg ulcers, and serious cramps and pain if left untreated.
Today, various treatment options are available for vein-related problems. Our doctors at Avis Vascular Center can guide you with proper diagnosis and based on your needs can tailor an appropriate and effective treatment plan.
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