Several factors such as hormonal changes, obesity, smoking and family history of DVT can increase your chances of developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Among all the risks, the most serious one is: Having experienced a previous episode of DVT. If you have had DVT once, the chances of it coming back or developing pulmonary embolism are very high. Your personal risk depends on several factors such as the cause of your first DVT, how long ago you had it and other factors, like having medical conditions like cancer.
Deep vein thrombosis causes
DVT is a serious condition when a blood clot forms in a vein located deep inside the body. It can partially or completely restrict blood from flowing back to the heart, damaging valves in the veins. Though it can develop in any part of the body, it usually develops on the lower leg. There are a number of reasons for blood clots in legs. When the valves in the veins are damaged, the blood moves too slowly in the veins. This causes blood cells to clump or pool together and forms a clot.
Why should you not ignore
A DVT is a serious condition that should not be ignored. Recurrent episodes of DVT can lead to several complications such as pulmonary embolism, a life-threatening situation. When a blood clot travels to the lungs, it can restrict oxygen supply. Pulmonary embolism can cause irreversible damage to the lungs and it is life-threatening. Patients with a history of DVT should take precautions to prevent the condition from returning.
There are a number of changes you can make in your life to reduce the risk:
- Take medications as prescribed: Patients who have had DVT and are at a high risk of developing DVT in future are prescribed blood-thinning medication that can prevent clotting. Take medications as per your vascular specialist’s instructions to reduce the risk. If your vascular specialist recommends you to wear compression stockings, then do wear them regularly.
- Take care of your overall health: There are many factors associated with the development of DVT it is important that you make sure you take care of your overall health.
- Stay fit: Being more physically active and maintaining a healthy weight could help lower the risk. People with too much weight and low mobility are at a higher risk of recurrent DVT than those with a healthy weight. Walking, swimming, yoga and other forms of exercise help in regulating blood circulation. If you sit or stand for long periods, and walk or stretch every hour or so. Work with a doctor to develop an exercise program that suits your situation.
- Have a heart-healthy diet: A heart-healthy diet can help you control your weight, blood pressure and cholesterol, all of which are factors in DVT. Limit unhealthy fats and sodium and avoid sugary and processed foods. Include more fruits and vegetables in your diet. Swap whole grains with processed grains.
- Stop smoking: Smoking multiplies the DVT risk. Take professional help to quit smoking.
For the treatment of DVT, visit Avis Vascular Centre. To avoid DVT from recurring, you can also seek laser treatment. It painlessly removes all damaged veins in a single sitting. The body automatically re-routes the blood to healthier veins. This lowers the chances of DVT from coming back.