Diabetes is regarded as one of the global health emergencies of the century. As per 2019 estimates, India ranks second after China in this global epidemic with 77 million people with diabetes and predicted to grow to 134 million by 2045. A major concern observed in India and many other developing countries is the large percentage (more than 50 % of individuals) with undiagnosed diabetes, owing to less developed healthcare facilities and the lack of awareness among the population.
Diabetes being a progressive disease, can lead to serious complications. If undiagnosed and ignored, it can lead to a wide range of issues. Much burden of diabetes is caused by complications due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and peripheral arterial disease.
Diabetic Foot Ulcers
Based on recent statistics, around 25% diabetics in India develop diabetic foot ulcers during their lifetime, of which 50% require hospitalization due to infection and nearly 20% need amputation. Foot ulceration precedes 85% of diabetes-related amputations.
Commonly seen at the bottom of the feet, or under the toes leg, ulcers can affect your feet including the bones. An ulcer develops as an open wound on the foot. They continue to penetrate the skin tissues, expose the layers beneath, and destroy the muscles and connective tissues.
Though anyone with diabetes can develop ulcers, proper foot care can help avert them.
Initial signs of a foot ulcer
Drainage from your foot that may leak out and stain your socks can be one of the first signs of an ulcer in foot. Other symptoms include swelling, redness, skin irritation, and unpleasant odors from one or both feet.
Vein problems in diabetics
Vascular disease can complicate a foot ulcer, reducing the body’s ability to heal and increasing the risk of an infection.
Varicose veins, spider veins, skin discoloration or other problems in the legs and feet are very common if you have diabetes. For blood circulation from your heart to your feet and backwards, the circulatory system must work extra hard. Varicose veins occur when valves in the veins fail to direct a one-way flow back to the heart. As the valves turn faulty, blood may remain stagnant or even leak back and pool in the veins below the valves, weakening the walls.
In diabetics, as the valves in the veins are compromised due to the high blood sugar levels, blood pools in the lower extremities and varicose vein symptoms are noticed.
Though diabetes may not directly cause varicose veins, it can increase the complications in people who are prone to developing them.
The sugary consistency of the blood may lead to plaque formation within arteries and veins which are already compromised by varicosities. This can complicate the condition if blood clots are formed.
Treatment of varicose veins in diabetics
In patients with diabetes, management of varicose veins is essential as it can help to improve circulation related problems. Uncontrolled diabetes can worsen varicose veins and hence, treatment will emphasize on maintaining healthy blood sugar levels.
Schedule a consultation for your varicose veins at the earliest to help you achieve the best results. Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent varicose veins from worsening.
Minimally invasive treatment options are usually very effective in treating varicose veins. To know if they are suitable for your condition, talk to our vascular experts at Avis vascular center.
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