Chronic Venous Insufficiency – Facts you should know

varicose veins leg ulcers

We all know that the veins play a crucial role in our health since they carry blood from various organs back to the heart. Are we taking proper care to ensure that they remain healthy? Not always. It is true that several things exist beyond our control and no matter how much we try, we might get affected. But what if there are matters which we can control, by paying proper attention to changes and symptoms and by getting proper treatment.

In this blog, we talk about the condition called Venous insufficiency – It is essential that you know what this condition means and know what to look for if problems arise.

What is Chronic Vein Insufficiency?

We all know that veins in our legs have valves which push blood back up to the heart. They do this against gravity, and the calf muscles and feet help in the process by squeezing the veins.

 Now, when your veins and valves stop functioning properly, blood finds it difficult to fight gravity and more back up to reach the heart. If this happens, blood starts flowing backwards and may start to pool around the veins, in your legs. This is a condition termed as chronic venous insufficiency. If not treated, this condition causes:

  • Cramps and pain
  • Skin discoloration
  • Varicose veins
  • Leg ulcers
  • Swelling of Legs
  • Tightness in your calves  
  • Itchy, painful legs

How is Chronic vein insufficiency (CVI) caused?

The condition can occur due to any of these reasons:

  • Obesity 
  • Heredity
  • Existing clotting disorders
  • Pregnancy
  • Prolonged standing / sitting, which builds up extra pressure in the leg veins.
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Smoking

Diagnosis

You doctor will discuss your medical history followed by a physical examination. Doppler Ultrasound scan is an imaging test that checks for the blood flow and the structure of the veins. It can find out any blockage in the flow of blood and the speed of the flow within the blood vessels.

 Available Treatment options

Based on your age, seriousness of the case, your symptoms, and medical history your provider can prepare a treatment plan for you. There are several options available currently. These include:

1) Endovenous laser ablation – This minimally invasive procedure, involves the insertion of a tube through which heat is passed into the damaged vein. The vein gets closed and thus the pooling of blood is reduced, and an overall improved flow is attained.

2) Sclerotherapy – This is usually suggested for more serious vein disorders.  A chemical injected into the damaged veins scars them and prevents them from carrying blood anymore. Other veins take over the damaged veins function and the scarred veins get absorbed into the body.

3) Surgery – Usually done in most severe cases, where the affected vein is tied off and blood can no longer flow through it. If there is heavy damage to the vein or its valves, the vein will be removed and the process is termed vein stripping.

4) Medicines- medicines that increase blood flow through the vessels may be used to help heal leg ulcers. Compression therapy is also found to be effective.

Talk to our vascular expert at Avis Vascular center to know the treatment options best suited for you.

Varicose Veins Treatment in Hyderabad |Bengaluru |MysoreVisakhapatnam | Chennai |Coimbatore| Vijayawada Tirupati Rajahmundry

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