Veins are an integral part of the circulatory system as they carry deoxygenated blood from all different parts of the body back to the heart. Thus, vascular health is of prime importance for the overall wellbeing of an individual.
In this blog today, we will explain about the different medical disorders of the veins and associated health complications of the venous system.
- Spider Veins – These are the red, blue or purple-coloured tiny veins that are visible right below the skin surface of the legs, chest, face, etc in the shape of a spiderweb-like formation.
Spider veins are usually painless and do not cause any swelling. Although these do not pose an immediate threat to life, spider veins must not be ignored as they are caused due to pooling of blood and indicate a blood circulation issue in the veins.
- Varicose Veins – Varicose veins are larger than spider veins. These are caused when the valves of the leg veins restrict the blood flow back to the heart and lead to swelling accompanied by pain and irritation in the affected area.
Varicose veins are clearly visible to the naked eye. Varicose veins patients also often complain of a feeling of heaviness in the legs. If painless, varicose veins may not be treated immediately. But delay in treatment can worsen the symptoms and lead to other complications as detailed below.
- Venous Ulcers – Blood pooling leads to excessive additional pressure as a result of which the walls of the varicose veins stretch and cause the protein from the blood cells to reach the subcutaneous tissues. The subcutaneous tissues eventually break-down and lead to ulceration.
Venous ulcers are open sores visible on the skin surface of the legs and feet. The skin around the ulcer usually turns hard and brown in colour. Patients may also complain of a tingling sensation. These are extremely slow to heal and must be treated on time.
- Blood Clots – Blood clots are clumps of blood that restrict the righteous blood flow. These can occur anywhere in the body such as arms, legs, lungs, abdomen, etc and either stay at one place (Thrombosis) or travel to other parts of the body (Embolism).
In the presence of blood clots, the affected area feels warmer and the skin surface looks visibly red. There may be numbness along with swelling and pain. Some patients may even find it difficult to walk.
- Deep Vein Thrombosis – DVT refers to the medical condition where a blood clot develops in the deep veins. This is a life-threatening disorder as the blood clot can travel to other parts of the body and affect the heart, brain, and even the lungs.
DVT is triggered due to chronic blood pooling in the leg veins. DVT patients may complain of unexplained pain in the ankle and feet accompanied by swelling. The affected area feels warmer and turns pale red in colour.
- Chronic Venous Insufficiency – When a vascular impairment such as varicose veins is left untreated for a long period of time, the condition becomes chronic and the symptoms become worse, thus leading to Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI).
CVI is characterized by changes in the skin colour of the lower legs, constant itching on the legs, and swelling around the ankle. In this medical complication, the patients experience unusually high blood pressure levels in the legs.
If you have signs or symptoms of a venous disorder, do not worry as the best medical aid is available at Avis Vascular Centre, the leading medical institute for the painless and minimally invasive laser treatment of varicose veins.
Avis Vascular Centre is trusted by 12000+ happy patients who are completely satisfied with its healthcare services. All treatment procedures performed at Avis Vascular Centre are USFDA approved and performed in strict accordance with the protocols from the American College of Phlebology.
We always ensure that you have a pleasant medical experience at Avis Vascular Centre. For more details about our treatment procedures, medical check-up, diagnosis, treatment, Mediclaim assistance or outpatient registration, get in touch with Avis Vascular Centre today!