What is Obesity?
Obesity is a medical condition that is characterized by excessive accumulation of fat in the body. A person is said to be obese when his/her body weight is 20% more or even higher than the ideal body weight.
Obesity is measured by a numeric value called BMI (Body Mass Index) that is calculated from the height and weight of the concerned person. BMI between 19 to 25 is considered fairly good. People who have a BMI above 25 but below 30 are considered overweight whereas patients with BMI greater than 30 are known to be suffering from obesity.
Obesity is usually caused due to a sedentary lifestyle that is symbolized by increased food intake and poor physical activity levels. A few patients who have a slow metabolism may experience weight gain even after limited food intake. Certain medications, medical disorders, and even genetics are some known factors that can lead to an increase in the body weight.
Obesity is a rising epidemic in India. The exceptionally high amounts of body fat tend to have a negative impact on the overall health and well-being of the patient. Obesity contributes to the likelihood of medical disorders such as Type II diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, and even cancer.
How are Varicose Veins related to Obesity?
Growing age, vein injuries, gender, medical history of blood clots, family history of varicose veins, and a job that requires extended durations of sitting or standing in the same positions are factors that increase the chances of development of varicose veins.
Other than these factors, obesity is another major contributor to varicose vein development but not all patients are aware of how their weight affects their vascular health. Understanding the relationship between excess body fat and venous disorders will help in better management of both these medical complications.
The excessive body weight places additional pressure on the veins of the legs and makes it difficult for them to pump the deoxygenated blood back to the heart against the gravitational pull of the earth. Over time, this leads to failure of the vein valves and results in excessive blood pooling.
Varicose veins are visible as enlarged and swollen veins and can be often seen as bulging out from the surface of the skin. These cause irritation and a feeling of heaviness in the affected area. In critical cases, the patient may find it difficult to move around or walk without support.
How Weight Can Mask Varicose Veins
Obesity not only causes varicose veins but also conceals (hides) them. In obese patients, the varicose veins are often masked under numerous layers of fat, especially on the legs, and this is the primary reason for them to go unseen and untreated for a long period of time.
Varicose veins in obese patients are not as closer to the skin surface as they are for people who maintain a healthy weight. In obese patients, varicose veins are not visible to the naked eye and are thus difficult to be diagnosed via physical examination alone.
Lack or delay in treatment of varicose veins progresses the condition to more serious medical disorders namely chronic venous insufficiency, blood clots in deep veins, venous ulcers, and even pulmonary embolism that can even lead to loss of life.
What is the effect of weight loss on varicose veins?
Numerous studies have confirmed the strong relationship between varicose veins and obesity. Maintaining a healthy BMI will assist in alleviating almost all symptoms of varicose veins such as enlarged veins, swelling, itching, feeling of heaviness in legs and skin discoloration in the affected area.
It is true that shedding the extra kilos will prevent your varicose veins from progressing further to other venous disorders such as Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), venous ulceration, and other life-threatening medical conditions.
Also, it is important to note that although losing weight will aid in prevention of formation of new varicose veins, it is not likely to cause any improvement in the state of already damaged veins. A decrease in the body fat accumulation will lead to improved blood circulation and thus reduce the likelihood of development of new varicose veins but your existing varicose veins will surely need medical treatment.
A few people who were obese earlier but have now lost some extra kilos from their bodies believe that they have developed varicose veins only after shedding the excessive body weight. However, the truth is that varicose veins were most probably developed when they were obese but they remained hidden below the fat layers of the body. They have only become noticeable when the fat percentage of the body has got reduced.
If you are beginning to see any early signs of varicose veins on your legs and feet, please do not ignore these symptoms and visit a vein specialist as a priority. The vascular expert will begin with a physical examination and perform a duplex ultrasound scan to find the exact position and severity of your varicose veins.
Laparoscopic procedures for painless treatment of varicose veins have become popular across India. Dr. Rajah V Koppala at Avis Vascular Centre is a distinguished veins specialist with international qualifications and decades of medical experience. He is a thorough expert at laser removal of varicose veins which is a brief procedure performed in a minimally invasive manner.
You must not worry about being admitted to the hospital as the laser ablation treatment is usually performed as an outpatient procedure with local anaesthesia only. You can go back home on the same day and perform your daily activities soon after. All varicose veins are removed in a single sitting and this is a totally safe process with negligible chances of varicose veins recurrence.
Avis Vascular Centre is Hyderabad’s leading medical institute for the painless treatment of varicose veins. It has all modern medical equipment with the latest amenities for faster treatment and quicker healing of all patients. We offer round-the-clock assistance for medical approvals and ensure a hassle-free medical experience throughout the treatment process.
Get treatment from the best vascular surgeon in Hyderabad, book your appointment with Dr. Rajah V Koppala today!